Mayflower Compact, November 11, 1620
The First Thanksgiving - President George Washington
Washington, DC…On October 3, 1789, President George Washington issued a proclamation naming Thursday, November 26, 1789 as an official holiday of "sincere and humble thanks." The nation then celebrated its first Thanksgiving under its new Constitution.
On October 3, 1863, President Lincoln made the traditional Thanksgiving celebration a nationwide holiday to be commemorated each year on the fourth Thursday of November. In the midst of a bloody Civil War, President Lincoln issued a Presidential Proclamation in which he enumerated the blessings of the American people and called upon his countrymen to "set apart and observe the last Thursday of November next, as a day of "Thanksgiving."
In 1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt moved the holiday to the third Thursday of November to lengthen the Christmas shopping season and boost the economy still recovering from the Depression. This move, which set off a national debate, was reversed in 1941 when Congress passed and President Roosevelt approved a joint house resolution establishing, by law, the fourth Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.
See the full story and documents at The National Archives
People in need of food have several options. Newton case managers can help you access any of the food assistance programs listed below, or you may access them directly on your own. SNAP Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (food stamps), WIC (Women, Infants, Children), Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CFSP - 60 years of age or older), Food Pantries (3 in Newton),
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Intended for the public library user and non-law librarian, Law Guide is a legal resources self- help center providing authoritative and accessible web links.
Teach yourself and teach others. Learn basic legal terms, how to read a citation, review your civics education, and continue to proceed through your search for legal information. Left Frame: Legal Literacy ; Legal Research Help ; Legal Topics
If going to court, two helpful manuals have been published online through the Massachusetts Court System. These have been linked. Left Frame: Mass. Court System.
The first manual, released in June 2010, is entitled Serving the Self-Represented Litigant: a guide by and for the Massachusetts Court Staff. A second guide, Representing Yourself in a Civil Case: Things to Consider When Going to Court. Together they are excellent preparation when faced with the prospect of going to court.
Find court forms by departmental court, such as Family and Probate Court. Left Frame: Mass. Court System.
Use the Legal Forms tab if you need additional resources for legal forms.
Trends reported by the National Center for State Courts and the Self Represented Litigation Network show an increase in persons with legal issues representing themselves, that is, going pro se, or cutting costs using limited representation by attorneys, and mediation over having a court determine the outcome. The Access to Justice Initiative is a growing movement, official in over thirty states, including Massachusetts.
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Look through the Legal Topics tab for Massachusetts subjects providing relevant legal citations and links to general laws, regulations, cases and forms. There is also extensive information and links for Federal topics. Further forms may be found under the Forms tab.
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For a local City of Newton ordinance, form or permit application, Newton residents see Newton Resources; otherwise residents of other locales consult Massachusetts Cities and Towns for Bylaws and Ordinances, or Laws of Other States and Locales.
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Cases might have been decided in Massachusetts, but what jurisdiction and what departments?: state or federal? District Court, Superior Court, Bankruptcy Court, Land Court, Housing Court, Probate and Family Court? Was the decision appealed? Did it move on to the Supreme Judicial Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts? to the United States Supreme Court? To the highest court in another state? See Legal News, Massachusetts Courts, Laws of Other States, Federal Primary Law.
You may now have gathered enough background information to proceed to a city department, have a hearing, consult with an attorney, mediate a problem or go to court. Find rules of court and related forms under the Massachusetts Court or Federal Primary Law tabs. Hopefully a resolution will be achieved, and you can return to Home Plate. The next time you have a legal question, begin again from Home Plate at the Newton Free Library's Legal Information Self Help Center LibGuide.
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